ABS (Poly (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene))


- Chemical Resistance.
- Fatigue resistance.
- High stiffness and hardness.
- Melt strength.
- Low temperature ductility.
- Good processability.
- Heat resistance.
- Good impact resistance (even at low temperatures).
- UV resistance.
- High quality surface finish.
- High quality aesthetics (color, gloss ...).
- Good color stability.
- Excellent resistance to sterilization.
- Good insulating properties.
- Good abrasion and stain resistance.
- High dimensional stability (low water absorption).
- Good paintability and platability.


Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, or ABS is a very good impact resistant plastic used in the automotive sector, and for other industrial and for the household uses. It is an amorphous thermoplastic. The acrylonitrile clusters provide rigidity, resistance to chemical attacks and stability to high temperatures, as well as toughness. All these qualities are looked for in some applications for example for heavy-duty machines o electronic devices.
The butadiene clusters, which is an elastomer, provide toughness whatever the temperature. This is especially interesting for cold conditions, in which other plastic types become fragile. The styrene clusters bring mechanics resistance and rigidity. This combination of properties is called according to chemical engineers: synergy, which indicates that the end product has better qualities than the sum of each ones. ABS is a clear example of the design of materials in the chemical engineering field which is trying to get mixtures of existing materials instead of creating new materials. ABS characteristic: the ABS´s most important feature is its toughness, even at low temperatures (it is still tough at -40ºC). Also, it is hard and rigid; acceptable chemical resistance; low waterabsorption, as a consequence good dimensional stability; high resistance to abrasion and it can be coated with a metallic sheet without problems. Also, ABS, in one of its versions, may be chromed by electrolysis plating it because it is receptive to it. It can be used as an alloy with other plastics. As an example, ABS with PVC creates a very flame-resistant plastic, this is why it is widely spread in TV-production. We may also add PTFE to it in order to reduce its friction coefficient.

Usual uses

Housings and mobile appliances, luggage, sporting helmets, covered internal doors of refrigerators, computer housings, sanitary pipe manufacturing, automotive industry, televisions,Instrument panels, Dashboard components, Door liners and handles, Seat backs, Seat belt components, Spoilers, Wheel trims, Rear light housings, Appliance control panels, shavers, vacuum cleaners, Refrigerator liners, Nebulisers, Compressors, Medicine boxes, Lawn-mower covers.